Most researchers agree that the following factors affect the risk of diabetes.

  • Age
  • Personal blood glucose history
  • Family history
  • Race and ethnicity
  • Weight and waist size
  • Smoking
  • Physical activity
  • Diet
  • Alcohol consumption

Factors that increase a person's risk of Type 2 diabetes but cannot be changed include:

Age, personal history of diabetes or high blood sugar, gestational diabetes, family members with diabetes, race and ethnicity (Type 2 diabetes is more common in Africans, African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asians and Pacific Islanders, compared to whites).

Factors that increase the risk of diabetes and CAN be changed or modified include:

Weight, waist size, smoking, physical activity, diet, alcohol consumption

The good news is that most (6 out of 9) risk factors for diabetes can be modified to reduce risk. The evidence is in… lifestyle changes (including diet, weight loss, and exercise) can prevent diabetes10. And if you have some of the unchangeable risk factors, diet and lifestyle modifications can prevent, delay, or help manage diabetes.

10Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group (2002) Reduction in the incidence of Type 2 Diabetes with Lifestyle Intervention or Metformin. The New England Journal of Medicine 346(6):393-403.

Lisa Fouladi Balance Ur Bod Nutrition Consultancy

Lisa, principle consultant and founder of balance ur bod nutrition consultancy is a qualified nutrition therapist (dip.ION), a Nutrition Therapy Council registered practitioner, and a current member of the British Association of Applied Nutrition and Nutrition Therapy (BANT) and is bound by their codes of ethics and practice. She is fully insured, and dedicated to continuous study of current research and industry developments through Continued Professional Development (CPD).

In keeping with her quest for knowledge, Lisa is currently enrolled in yet another degree program, an MSc at the University of London (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine) which she hopes to complete someday.

Although based in Zürich, Switzerland, she sees clients in the Geneva area, in Germany (Münster area) and in the UK (London and Windsor areas).

Lisa conducts one to one consultations with clients, advising on all aspects of nutrition and the effect food and lifestyle choices have on health and well being. Lisa works closely with her clients, assessing and identifying imbalances and individual needs, and supporting them in making the necessary dietary and lifestyle changes. She is deeply committed to supporting her client’s health through nutrition and stays at their side throughout the process.